Batch of materials

Protocol on Amendments to the Protocol on the Statute of the African Court of Justice and Human Rights

Additional Protocols to the Geneva Conventions

Convention (I) for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded and Sick in Armed Forces in the Field. Geneva, 12 August 1949

Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties

Convention (II) for the Amelioration of the Condition of Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked Members of Armed Forces at Sea. Geneva, 12 August 1949

Convention on Cluster Munitions

Convention (III) relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War. Geneva, 12 August 1949

The Prosecutor v. Ahmad Al Faqi Al Mahdi


Convention (IV) relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War. Geneva, 12 August 1949

The Prosecutor v. Salim Jamil Ayyash


Leiden Guidelines on the Use of Digitally Derived Evidence

UC Berkeley Protocol on Digital Open-Source Investigations

Menu of Indicators to Measure the Reverberating Effects on Civilians from the Use of Explosive Weapons in Populated Areas

Internationalized internal armed conflict

Artificial Intelligence as Evidence

The Israel-Hamas War Is Drowning X in Disinformation

Involvement of Private Contractors in Armed Conflict: Implications under International Humanitarian Law

Case Matrix


Talinn Manual on International Law Applicable to Cyber Warfare

The Polisario Front and the Future of Article 1(4)

What we don’t understand about digital risks in armed conflict and what to do about it

Understanding the Reverberating Effects of Explosive Weapons: A Way Forward

Towards common understandings: the application of established IHL principles to cyber operations

The ICRC’s legal position on the notion of armed conflict involving foreign intervention and on determining the IHL applicable to this type of conflict

Protection of Data in Armed Conflict


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